Drug and narcotic use has a long history through civilization, in recreational terms and in emergent medical fields. During the Civil War in America, opioid usage became standard as field doctors were desperate for ways to relieve pain and ease patients into death as they treated and cared for hundreds of wounded soldiers. An epidemic began as the prescription of opioids increased the reliance on these drugs. According to the Smithsonian, over 10 million opioid pills were prescribed to soldiers on the Union side of the war alone. Pleased with the results shown in relieving pain, doctors began to prescribe opioids, both in pill form and injected subcutaneously, for a variety of maladies including menstrual cramps, morning sickness, anxiety, and dysentery. The use of opioids was prevalent and far-reaching
The stethoscope is such a normalized piece of equipment, it is constantly associated with the medical field. Doctors, nurses, physician assistants, and even dress up sets are rarely seen without a stethoscope slung around the neck or tucked away in a pocket. The stethoscope wasn’t always a part of routine medical examinations, however, and the use of this equipment revolutionized the field and care of patients. Just as the stethoscope altered medicine in the early 1800s, so too is point of care ultrasound, or POCUS. Ultrasound technology is being fine tuned and used in various medical settings, changing much about diagnostic and management in patient care.